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Discussion on the Vacuum Sintering Process of Zhuyu Gu Yu Cemented Carbide

Article Source:Author:Views:issuing time:2014/2/12 14:32:28

Vacuum sintering refers to sintering at a certain degree of vacuum (10-1-10-2 mmHg), which has the following advantages over sintering under hydrogen, nitrogen and other protective atmosphere:

1, can significantly improve the purity of furnace gas

Hydrogen sintering, hydrogen trace of water or oxygen will seriously damage the quality of the alloy, thus requiring dew point of hydrogen below -40 ℃. Vacuum degree of 10-1 mm Hg, furnace gas purity is equivalent to -40 DEG C dew point of hydrogen, the vacuum degree of vacuum sintering (10-1 ~ 10-2 mm Hg) furnace gas purity is equivalent to -40 ~ -60 ℃ hydrogen.

2, to improve the bonding of the relative hard phase wettability

The negative pressure in vacuum improves the wetting of the binder relative to the hard phase, especially the TiC hard phase, allowing the sintered body to shrink more rapidly and to improve the uniformity of the binder phase distribution.

 The wetting angle of Ni to TiC is 1450 ℃ ~ 17º in vacuum and 10º in vacuum at 1300 ℃. For another example, the wetting angle of Fo-Cr-Mo-C to TiC is 120 ~ 125º under 600 torr hydrogen pressure 35º at 10 torr hydrogen pressure.

3, can reduce the sintering temperature

Since the surface of the powder in the vacuum oxide can be reduced at lower temperatures, the liquid phase can also occur at lower temperatures, so the temperature of vacuum knot than hydrogen sintering can be reduced by 50 ~ 100 ℃, the sintering time can be Shorten some.

4, to avoid the filler on the product of pollution

Hydrogen sintering, the product surface will absorb some of the aluminum hydride filler, TiC-containing alloys and alumina reaction is particularly serious. The cutting performance of the alloy will have a negative impact, especially on the machine folder without regrading blade a serious impact. Vacuum sintering due to not filling, it can avoid the adverse effects.

 5, the blade easy to weld

 Hydrogen sintered blades due to the surface carburization and absorption of alumina, the blade and solder between the poor wetting. The vacuum sintering knife blade without special surface treatment can be used to defend the ordinary welding method.

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